ROTF: A Choice of Futures Annotations

Choice of Futures coverThis document explains the continuity references, allusions, in-jokes, and scientific concepts contained in Star Trek: Enterprise — Rise of the Federation: A Choice of Futures (ROTF:ACOF).   I assume that the reader is familiar with the basic characters and background of the Trek universe.  Readers seeking further information on references to past Trek episodes or movies are advised to consult the Memory Alpha Star Trek wiki.  Information about Star Trek novels can be found at the Memory Beta wiki.

ACOF advances the post-series Enterprise continuity whose previous installments include the novels The Good That Men Do and Kobayashi Maru by Andy Mangels & Michael A. Martin and The Romulan War: Beneath the Raptor’s Wing and The Romulan War: To Brave the Storm by Martin. However, it begins a new storyline and stands largely on its own.

Be aware that this document contains spoilers for the whole of FH and for numerous episodes, films, and novels from all Trek series, particularly EnterpriseI would strongly recommend not reading it until one has completed the novel, since many of the notes contain spoilers for things not revealed until later scenes or chapters.

Episode and book titles are ENT unless otherwise indicated.  Episode and short-story titles are in quotes, while film and book titles are italicized.


ENT — Enterprise TOS — The Original Series TAS — The Animated Series
TNG — Next Generation DS9 — Deep Space Nine VGR – Voyager
ST:TMP – Star Trek: The Motion Picture ExM – Ex Machina DTI – Department of Temporal Investigations
TGTMD – The Good That Men Do KM – Kobayashi Maru
TRW – The Romulan War (duology) BTRW – Beneath the Raptor’s Wing (TRW Bk. 1) TBTS – To Brave the Storm (TRW Bk. 2)
STSC – Star Trek Star Charts

 Chapter Annotations

vii Epigraph: From “Demons.”
Chapter 1
5-6 The history of the Tandaran-Suliban conflict was established in “Detained.” The description of Tandaran military uniforms here is based on that episode.
6 The names “United Earth” and “Andorian Empire” were established in ENT. I was unsure whether the Andorians would still be called an empire after joining the Federation, but the term has been used in novels set in the 24th century. “Confederacy of Vulcan” is from Kobayashi Maru and is based on the Planetary Confederation of 40 Eridani from the Star Fleet Technical Manual (SFTM). “United Planets of Tellar” is from various novels, based on SFTM’s United Planets of 61 Cygni. “Alpha Centauri Concordium” is my own variation on SFTM’s Alpha Centauri Concordium of Planets.
7 The Tandarans’ concealment of their knowledge of the Temporal Cold War was established in DTI: Watching the Clock.
8 The Mazarites are from “Fallen Hero.”
10 The tensions between Archer and Mayweather were established in KM and resolved in TBTS.
Here is my concept sketch for the Federation Starfleet uniforms herein. The “command color of the Andorian Guard” is seen on the uniform of Commander Shran (Jeffrey Combs); the reddish-brown Tellarite uniform is my own invention, since Tellarite military officers were not seen in ENT.
11 The Starfleet arrowhead was established as a UESPA insignia in VGR: “Friendship One,” where a sideways version of it was the UESPA logo on a probe launched in the 2060s. The enlisted rating insignias on ENT also included a tiny version of the arrowhead. Many fans used to believe the arrowhead was exclusive to Kirk’s Enterprise prior to ST:TMP and was adopted fleetwide to honor that ship, but this ignores the fact that TOS: “Court-martial,” “The Menagerie,” and “The Tholian Web” all depict non-Enterprise personnel wearing the arrowhead on their uniforms (although it’s hard to see in the last case, and ENT: “In a Mirror, Darkly” conflicted with it by giving the Defiant uniforms a different insignia). According to a 1967 memo by associate producer Bob Justman, Gene Roddenberry intended all starship personnel to wear the same insignia, and the use of different ship insignias for other starships of the Enterprise’s class in episodes such as “The Doomsday Machine” and “The Omega Glory” were production errors. The distinct insignia used for the Antares in “Charlie X” (which I have interpreted here as the Tellar Space Administration logo) was meant to represent the merchant marine.
Here is the Starfleet Command mission patch in use at this time.
12 The incident with the Osaarian pirates was in “Anomaly.”
14 The Battle of Cheron is depicted in TBTS.
The Smithsonian orbital annex was established in DTI: Forgotten History.
14-15 The Columbia-class refit is based on NX-01 designer Doug Drexler’s conjectural redesign for the NX class. Note that I do not specify whether NX-01 itself was refit to this configuration or not, and the preceding books are ambiguous on that point as well; I like to think it was refitted sometime during the war. I differ slightly from Drexler’s design on the placement of the shuttle bays, but otherwise they are meant to be equivalent. (If NX-01 was indeed refitted, its shuttlebay placement may have differed from Endeavour’s anyway.)
  And yes, I’m aware that starship classes are traditionally named for their first members. This is why I made a point of saying that Archer pushed for the name Columbia in honor of Erika Hernandez’s ship, whose disappearance was depicted and explained in the Destiny trilogy by David Mack. It’s an exception to the normal rule.
16 The “downgrade” project was portrayed in TRW. It seemed to be intended to explain why TOS technology appeared less advanced than ENT technology; however, this is a questionable interpretation, since there would be no reason to keep the downgrades a century after the war had ended. Besides, the difference in the appearance of the technology is simply due to the different levels of technology and budget available to the filmmakers attempting to simulate it in the 1960s versus the 2000s. So I chose to interpret the downgrade project’s influence as merely aesthetic, which is compatible with the letter of the text in TRW.
17 Malcolm Reed had a goatee in the alternate 2165 of “Twilight,” so it seemed plausible that he might have one by 2162.
18 Michel Romaine is implicitly an ancestor of Jacques Romaine and his daughter Mira from TOS: “The Lights of Zetar.” In searching for characters with which to populate the sparsely developed early-UFP era, I gravitated toward characters known to belong to multigenerational Starfleet families, extrapolating that if two consecutive generations had been in Starfleet, there may well have been more before them.
19 The Suliban carrier described here is based on the Suliban salvage ship seen in “Future Tense.”
  I often wonder if the episode’s author Mike Sussman named Kimura in honor of screenwriter Takeshi Kimura, who wrote or co-wrote Rodan, Destroy All Monsters, and other classic Japanese monster movies, perhaps with a nod to Takashi Shimura, who played Professor Yamane in the first two Godzilla films.
  Elizabeth Cutler (the late Kellie Waymire) was a recurring character in the first two seasons of ENT, and was mentioned as being aboard the ship for the Xindi mission. There were no subsequent mentions of her in canon, leaving it unclear whether she survived the Xindi mission; but Myriad Universes: A Less Perfect Union by William Leisner establishes that she survived at least as long as “Terra Prime,” the point at which ALPU’s alternate timeline diverges from the main history. Thus I chose to bring her back into the fold.
21 Andorian ships are known to have had deflector shields no later than “Babel One.” TBTS established that the Andorians provided their deflector technology to Starfleet before the Battle of Cheron.
22 The Next Generation Technical Manual establishes that deflectors are a gravitational (space-distorting) technology, and thus it stands to reason that they would interfere with the similar forces involved in warp fields. The TNGTM even mentions the special protocols needed to keep shields and warp fields from interfering.
24 Vulcan tractor beams were seen as early as “Breaking the Ice.”
31 The Romulan gambit referenced here was depicted in “Babel One,” “United,” and “The Aenar.”
Chapter 2
33 Xyrillian holograms were seen, and sold to the Klingons, in “Unexpected.” Kantare holograms are from “Oasis.” Both technologies seem paradoxically advanced for the era, so I devised a reason why their use would be restricted. (Although I can’t explain why the Kantare’s seemingly sentient holograms didn’t prompt an AI revolution two centuries early.)
35-6 The Intrepid class was introduced in “The Expanse.” The class name was established in BTRW.
  A comment by Jonathan Burke on the Drex Files blog’s June 2, 2009 article “Intrepid Class – ‘Half Saucer’,” unfortunately no longer online, suggested that ships of the class should be named for aircraft carriers, of which Intrepid is one. I was uncertain whether I wanted to follow this suggestion, since it seems inappropriate to use carrier names for such small ships, but it led me to research carrier names and I discovered the existence of a British carrier named Pioneer. The ship here is more likely to be named for the Pioneer space probes, but it’s ambiguous enough to satisfy those who prefer the carrier-name hypothesis.
39-40 It seems odd that there were no ships named Enterprise between NX-01 and NCC-1701. But there were multiple references in TNG to NCC-1701 being the first starship Enterprise, and the dedication plaques to the Enterprise-A, -B, -D, and -E refer to them as respectively the second, third, fifth and sixth starships to bear the name. The preferred post-ENT retcon is that those were only counting Federation starships. Thus there can be no commissioned Federation starship named Enterprise prior to NCC-1701’s launch, which is generally accepted to be in 2244. I considered bringing NX-01 out of mothballs as a noncommissioned ship or strictly as a United Earth ship, but decided that if it were spaceworthy, there’s no reason it wouldn’t be commissioned as a Federation Starfleet vessel. Thus, I attempt to explain why the name fell out of use for a time. And in general I had to figure out how to do an Enterprise novel without Enterprise in it. My solution here was to set a couple of scenes aboard the ship and make frequent references to the legacy of the cast’s experiences aboard that ship. Whether NX-01 will be seen in subsequent novels remains to be seen, but its spirit will endure.
41 My intent was to mislead the reader into thinking that Archer’s source was actually Temporal Agent Daniels (much like the fakeout of the “Suliban” turning out to be Malurians).
42-3 Trip Tucker’s recruitment into Section 31 was depicted in TGTMD and continued throughout the following three ENT novels. In them, Trip kept hoping to get back to his old life but was repeatedly stymied by a series of plot twists and reversals. I decided that could not be sustained indefinitely, but we know from “These Are the Voyages” and the epilogue of TBTS that Trip never returns to his original identity. Thus, I chose to find a character-based reason why he would now choose to stay “dead” and affiliated with Section 31.
44 The Intrepid digital model was rather lacking in detail, so it’s unclear where the shuttle bays are actually located on the ship. The aft of the half-saucer seemed a logical place.
  BTRW appears to contradict itself as to whether the Intrepid class is older or newer than the NX class, but given that the design seems to be based on NX components, and that none were seen until two years into the series, it seemed logical to me that it would be a followup design.
  In keeping with the precedent of “Broken Bow”’s inspection pod scene, I’d like to think that Reed and Mayweather are wearing Starfleet-issue baseball caps. But the opportunity to mention it didn’t come up. Of course baseball as a sport is dead by this point, but the caps clearly survive.
45 It was recently pointed out to me that Mayweather’s service on the Discovery (seen in BTRW) ended more than seven years before this scene, making it paradoxical that Regina Tallarico is still an ensign. This is addressed in Book 2, Tower of Babel.
  Ibn Battuta was a 14th-century Moroccan Berber who is regarded as one of the greatest explorers in history.
46 Mayweather is recalling the events of “Fallen Hero.” His quotes of Archer and Tucker’s dialogue are slightly paraphrased; in fact, Archer said “It’s called a warp five engine” and Tucker replied simply “On paper.”
Chapter 3
49 Different versions of Bryce Shumar are featured in Starfleet: Year One by Michael Jan Friedman and Federation: The First 150 Years by David A. Goodman. Since Shumar is basically the only Starfleet captain from the 2160s that we knew of canonically prior to ENT, it’s not surprising that he keeps turning up in explorations of the era. While SFYO was rendered non-canonical by ENT, I considered referencing elements of it, but found that too many of its assertions have been overwritten by the ENT series and novel continuity; thus I decided to make a clean break and develop my own distinct version of characters like Shumar. My research showed that “Shumar” can be a Pakistani name, and there are more than enough white male Starfleet captains in the book already.
  Star Trek Star Charts (STSC) establishes Psi Serpentis as the Saurians’ home system.
50 I often felt that ENT missed an opportunity by having Archer embrace a proto-Prime Directive so soon—that it would’ve been more interesting to see stories of how Starfleet handled alien contacts without a PD restricting their actions. Shumar is my exemplar for a captain who sees intervention as a positive thing.
51-2 My portrayal of the Saurians and their world herein is expanding on the way I described them way back in TOS: Ex Machina (ExM). Their robustness and adaptability were established in Robert Fletcher’s costume notes for ST:TMP.
54 The indigenous name Lyaksti’kton for Sauria comes from The Worlds of the Federation by Shane Johnson. While my portrayal of Sauria differs significantly from that book’s version, it was convenient to borrow the name.
55 “Basileus” is a Greek title for a type of monarch, used by the Byzantine emperors. Why the Essex’s translator software would have chosen this name to render the M’Tezir title is unclear. But I thought it sounded cool, in part because it suggested “basilisk.”
62 MACO Private W. Woods (Ricky Lomax) was a recurring extra throughout ENT’s final two seasons, and is known to have gone through the transporter at least once (perhaps twice) in “Zero Hour” and again in “Storm Front, Part II.” He is the only ENT character other than Archer, Reed, and Tucker who had possibly gone through the transporter more than twice during the series, as far as I could confirm. (Oddly, my list shows that T’Pol never went through the transporter except in “Borderland,” though it’s possible I’ve overlooked something.)
63 Emory Erickson was established as the inventor of the transporter in “Daedalus.”
64 The Federation Executive Building is meant to be a temporary HQ for the Federation government, pending the construction of the Palais de la Concorde during the tenure of the next president, Haroun al-Rashid (according to Articles of the Federation by Keith R.A. DeCandido).
65 Gardner was established early in ENT as Archer’s competitor for command of NX-01, and became head of Starfleet following Admiral Forrest’s death in season 4. Only his Mirror Universe counterpart (John Mahon) was seen onscreen. He was named Samuel in KM.
  Federation commissioners were established in TOS: “The Galileo Seven” and “Metamorphosis,” and I featured one in ExM, but the title was never adequately defined. Here I chose to base them on the European Commission, the cabinet of the European Union.
66 The name Thy’lek Shran comes from the “In a Mirror, Darkly” bio screen for Jonathan Archer, and conflicts with the earlier novels’ conjecture that his full name was Hravishran th’Zoarhi, conforming to the novels’ Andorian naming conventions. I’ve never liked the novels’ tendency to force all Andorian names to fit that convention, since it’s unrealistic for an entire planet to have only one language or culture. BTRW mentioned Thy’lek Shran as the Aenar form of Shran’s name, providing enough justification for me to use it. More on this later.
  The loose organization of the early Federation Starfleet is inspired by the organization of the European Space Agency.
  The Andorian Guard insignia is the one used for the Constellation in “The Doomsday Machine,” which I chose because it looked similar to Andorian script.
  The Vulcan Space Council was established in “Carbon Creek.”
67 “The Andorian Incident” established that Andorians lacked transporters, but they had them by “Kir’Shara” three years later. Tellarites didn’t seem to have transporters during ENT as far as I could tell.
69 The Denobulans’ comfort with genetic engineering was established in “Cold Station 12.” The Augment crisis is from the 3-part storyline to which that episode belonged, and had further impact on the Klingons in “Affliction” and “Divergence.”
  The Rigelians’ withdrawal from the Coalition in the wake of the Terra Prime incident was established in TGTMD.
70 The Arkenites were introduced in The Voyage Home and established as former Andorian subjects in FASA role-playing material tied into that film.
Chapter 4
75-6 NX-01’s encounter with the Axanar was in “Fight or Flight.”
77 Pedro Ortega is an homage to Jose Ortegas [sic], the helmsman in Gene Roddenberry’s original 1964 Star Trek proposal, who eventually became Lt. Jose Tyler (Peter Duryea) in TOS: “The Cage.” In fact, Lt. Tyler’s first name was never stated onscreen, so I could’ve kept the name Jose for Ortega, but it’s been used for Tyler in enough novels and comics that I preferred to avoid it here.
83 Surak’s true writings were recovered in “Kir’Shara.”
86 Cutler’s description of Andorian antenna expressions is derived from my own observations of the Andorians in ENT.
  Talas was killed in “United.”
88 “Shroomie” was the name used by the ENT art staff for the “Silent Enemy” aliens, due to the resemblance of their heads to mushrooms. Star Trek Online offers a very different interpretation of this species, calling them the Elachi. Given that the aliens’ defining trait is their absolute silence, though, it’s hard to see how they could have a name or phonetic language of their own.
89 Nuclear winter cancelling out global warming not only helps explain why Earth’s climate is so unchanged in the Trek future, it’s also a reference to the Futurama episode “Xmas Story.”
  The Delta Triangle is from TAS: “The Time Trap.” It was visited in SCE: Where Time Stands Still and at the beginning of Forgotten History.
Chapter 5
93 Hansen’s Planet was referenced in TOS: “The Galileo Seven” as a planet where tool-using anthropoids had been discovered. Sven “Buttercup” Hansen was established as a 22nd-century ancestor of Seven of Nine (née Annika Hansen) in VGR: “11:59.” Obviously the similarity in names is a coincidence, but I chose to assume a connection.
95 “Terra Nova” is a problematical episode; why would Earth’s first extrasolar colony be nearly 20 light-years away when we know Alpha Centauri, the nearest star system at only 4.3 ly, has habitable planets in the Trek universe? Fortunately, what we know about the system suggests it may be prone to bombardment by comets perturbed by Proxima Centauri as it orbits Alpha Centauri A and B. (See my notes for The Buried Age.)
102 I established the Saurians as a nocturnal people in ExM, based on their huge eyes.
103 The purplish hue of the M’Tezir ethnic group is a nod to the 1980 Mego Saurian action figure (mislabeled as a “Rigellian”), which had a purple hue rather than the pinkish skin of the TMP Saurians. Some novels have described Saurians as greenish-skinned instead, perhaps based on preconceptions about reptilian appearance. I took that into account here as another ethnic type.
107 In TNG: “First Contact” (the episode, not the film), Picard said: “Centuries ago, a disastrous contact with the Klingon Empire led to decades of war.” But ENT’s portrayal of early human-Klingon contact was inconsistent with this. The saving grace is that Picard never specified whose contact with the Klingons he was talking about. Audiences have always assumed he meant humans, but he didn’t actually specify that. So here I’ve reconciled that by making it the Vulcans, which serves the needs of the scene as well.
108 Shumar may be optimistic in his reading of the contact with the Valakians, seen in “Dear Doctor.”
Chapter 6
109 Wolf 46 is a main-sequence K5 (orange dwarf) star 29 light-years from Sol. A superterrrestrial planet is a rocky planet several times larger and more massive than Earth. While there are none in our own planetary system, many extrasolar superterrestrial planets have been found.
  Vulcan is often assumed to be a high-gravity world, but I don’t think this has ever been canonically stated, and its appearances onscreen have suggested its gravity, and thus its mass, is not substantially greater than Earth’s.
  Oxygen toxicity is a genuine danger often faced by deep-sea divers. Oxygen is essentially a highly reactive and poisonous substance that aerobic organisms have learned to tolerate, but excessive quantities can still be harmful or fatal. (Then again, an overdose of just about anything can be harmful.)
110 While the design of the planets’ inhabitants is my own, their roofless architecture was influenced by the high-gravity species in Hal Clement’s Mission of Gravity and Robert L. Forward’s Dragon’s Egg.
111 Ministerial conferences are intended to be a more general case of the Babel Conference from TOS: “Journey to Babel.”
116 Tobin’s work on Columbia prior to its disappearance was mentioned in Destiny: Gods of Night.
  The Lives of Dax: “First Steps” by Kristine Kathryn Rusch established that the Vulcans were the first aliens to contact the Trill, and that Lela Dax was one of the Trill most receptive to contact. It seemed logical that she would have later reciprocated and traveled to Vulcan herself.
119 Deneva and its role in asteroid-mining support were established in TOS: “Operation – Annihilate!” Its fate in the Romulan War was depicted in TRW, though events following the second conquest are my own extrapolation. It was pretty badly trashed therein, but its location (per STSC) made it appropriate for the conference here.
119-20 My description of the architecture is based on the locations used for Deneva in “Operation – Annihilate!” (coincidentally the headquarters of TRW, Inc. in Redondo Beach, CA, as well as the UCLA campus).
120 Boda Jahlet is my name for the female Rigelian ambassador seen in “Demons” and “Terra Prime.”
121 The Rigelians’ face markings were established as tattoos in the Vanguard novel series, though I didn’t determine that until after I wrote this book.
  The Xarantine were established but not seen in ENT: “Sleeping Dogs.” I have chosen herein to identify them as the unnamed yellow-skinned aliens seen on the Rigel X outpost in “Broken Bow.” Why them? Because “Xarantine” sounds vaguely like xanth-, a Greek prefix meaning “yellow.”
  The term “Civil Conversation” for Tellarites’ traditional rudeness comes from TOS: Prime Directive by Judith and Garfield Reeves-Stevens.
123 The name “Malur” for the Malurians’ planet comes from “Communications Breakdown” in Star Trek: The Manga: Kakan Ni Shinkou. However, I previously referred to “Maluria” on p. 31 of this book, creating an inconsistency. For what it’s worth, “Communications Breakdown” also uses both names. In Book 2 I establish that Malur is the planet and Maluria is the system/nation encompassing the four inhabited worlds specified in “The Changeling.”
The sad reality is that Garos is far more correct than he could imagine: the Malurian race will only survive if it expands beyond its home system, since that system is going to be destroyed by Nomad in about 104 years. “Communications Breakdown” establishes that there were some Malurians offworld at the time of the Nomad disaster, and the one encountered in that story was, in fact, a criminal.
126 There is no onscreen precedent for Shran addressing Archer as “Jonathan,” but I feel their relationship has advanced far enough by this point that it makes sense.
  The characters are once again reflecting on the events of the trilogy “Babel One,” “United,” and “The Aenar.”
127 The Arkonians were seen in “Dawn.”
128 Shran married into an Aenar family in TGTMD.
Chapter 7
133 The name “Ithenite” was coined in “Azati Prime” and was meant to refer to the small, copper-skinned delegates seen in TOS: “Journey to Babel,” a precedent the novels have followed. The Tesnians were mentioned but not seen in “Shuttlepod One”; I have chosen to implicitly identify them with one of the background species glimpsed at the Coalition talks in “Demons”/“Terra Prime,” humanoids with bulbous foreheads and some kind of gem-like object or bindi mark above the nose. However, this is vague enough to be subject to change. (Memory Alpha now identifies the dignitary in the first photo as Ktarian, presumably due to the resemblance to the makeup used in TNG: “The Game.”)
134 Nuvians are a 24-fingered species mentioned in “Fallen Hero” and glimpsed in “Rajiin.” Butterfly dancers were seen in “Broken Bow,” played by Diane and Elaine Klimaszewski, hence my name for the species here.
142 The ship designs described here are based on, respectively, the Bonaventure class from the Ships of the Line calendars and book; the Wasp class from Masao Okazaki’s Starfleet Museum website; and the Adamant class from the Advanced Starship Design Bureau’s Journal of Applied Treknology. Whether these designs will actually be put into production in the novel continuity remains to be seen.
  I feel I need to apologize for this scene, since I cheated on character for the sake of tech exposition. I established that Tobin was a shy character difficult to bring out of his shell, then show Val immediately happening on the one subject that will make him garrulous enough to be a mouthpiece for my theory of Starfleet ship evolution. Given more time and a larger word count, perhaps I could’ve found a better way to achieve this.
143 The limited maneuverability of Vulcan ringships was established in the Ships of the Line 2011 Calendar and referenced in Forgotten History.
  The only Tellarite ships seen in ENT were reuses of earlier models, specifically the Arkonian destroyer from “Dawn” and the Retellian freighter from “Precious Cargo.” Assuming that Tellarites did not have their own shipbuilding industry also simplified my explanation of why Earth designs come to dominate Starfleet.
145 In “Broken Bow,” Archer does not recognize the name “Rigel” when he reads it in the Vulcan database. This is implausible given how well-known the star Rigel (Beta Orionis) is. A television writer can perhaps be excused for not knowing elementary astronomy (though you’d think one writing a space show would’ve brushed up on the basics), but not a Starfleet captain. So I figured that maybe the name Archer read in the file just sounded like “Rigel” but was spelled differently. And in the scene where the Suliban interrogated Klaang in Klingonese, they pronounced the system’s name like “rye-jool,” also suggesting that it was a native name only approximating the sound “Rigel.”
Note that TGTMD does assert that the Rigel seen in ENT is, in fact, Beta Orionis. However, multiple other novels have gone with STSC’s “Beta Rigel” interpretation, which I have also favored.
147 Deneb is another of those tricky star names introduced in TOS. The star Deneb (Alpha Cygni) is now known to be extremely distant, indeed the most distant real star ever mentioned by name in Star Trek, although it is difficult to calculate the exact distance of stars so far away. Moreover, TNG: “Encounter at Farpoint” portrayed Deneb as a system on the fringes of explored space in the 24th century, conflicting with TOS and TAS references to Deneb as a system already well-known and settled by the 23rd century. Both of these can be resolved by assuming, as STSC did, that the TOS Deneb was actually the much nearer Deneb Kaitos star system, aka Beta Ceti or Diphda, which is only 96 ly from Earth. STSC also established a trading route between Deneb Kaitos and Vulcan.
Chapter 8
150 The Malurian starship was seen in “Civilization.”
153 The Sevaijen class may or may not be the Andorian cruiser seen in “Kir’shara” and “United.” I’m unsure of this since the “cruiser” was a reuse of a model created to represent a mere shuttle in “Dear Doctor,” and the later episodes are unclear as to the Andorian vessel’s size.
  The Andorian bridge layout as seen in “Proving Ground” does bear certain design similarities to the TOS bridge, allowing me to cite it as an Andorian influence on future Starfleet designs.
154 Here I’m identifying the novels’ Andorian name conventions as “Imperial names,” and establishing that there are indeed alternative naming patterns as seen in the shows, comics, and pre-2000s novels. This is my attempt to offer an escape hatch from the overuse of the novel-style naming pattern.
  I cribbed the name Dreshna from the Decipher role-playing game’s map of Andoria.
154-5 In the novels’ four-gendered Andorian nomenclature, a chei is an offspring of one of the male sexes (essentially a son) and a zh’yi is a spouse of the childbearing sex (essentially a wife). Shreya and charan are essentially mother and father.
  T’Pol’s extremely brief tenure with the Ministry of Security was revealed in “The Seventh.”
162 What I couldn’t acknowledge openly here, since the scene is from Mayweather’s POV, is that Malcolm is aware that Trip is still alive and T’Pol has to deal with living apart from her bondmate. Travis and Hoshi are the only ones of ENT’s seven main-title regulars who aren’t in the loop about Trip’s faked death at this point.
163 I didn’t entirely intend this scene to be an homage to The West Wing’s famous “walk-and-talk” scenes, seeing as how Articles of the Federation already has TWW homages sewn up, but it kind of worked out that way anyway.
164 Alrond was established in Destiny as a colonized world in the Andorian home system.
166 The Nalori were introduced in SCE: Invincible by David Mack & Keith R.A. DeCandido, and featured in the Vanguard series as a race employed by the Orion Syndicate.
Chapter 9
168 Hmm, now, why did I use the phrase “green blaze” here…?
171 An ice giant would be a planet like Uranus or Neptune, consisting largely of volatiles (ices) heavier than hydrogen or helium. As a rogue, it appears gray rather than blue because there’s no sunlight to scatter in its atmosphere.
178 Maras only had one brief line of dialogue in all of “Bound.” Admittedly, I took advantage of that to save myself work, so that I only had to develop two characters instead of three. However, all of the Three Sisters will get more character development in Book 2.
Chapter 10
190-1 The phenomenon depicted here is the same type of warp-imbalance wormhole seen in ST:TMP. Since I saw this as a prequel to TOS and later Treks as much as a sequel to ENT, I looked for phenomena, planets, and species that were already known before TOS, things whose discovery I could depict in ROTF. The wormhole imbalance suited my needs here.
192 Malcolm remembers the use of the nacelle catwalk as an emergency shelter from “The Catwalk.” I reuse it here because I feel the episode didn’t make the most of the dramatic potential inherent in trapping the whole crew in a confined space for an extended period. The more character-driven first season probably would have, but by the second season the show was evidently under greater network pressure to emphasize action, and so the episode ended up being more about fighting off pirates. So I wanted to take another stab at the concept.
193 Rigelian scout ships were seen in “United.”
194 In “Silent Enemy,” the message the aliens constructed from Archer’s words was cheated a bit, since it included words and phonemes he didn’t actually use in the sampled dialogue (specifically “prepare” and “surrender your vessel”). I made sure to tweak T’Pol’s transmission here and Kanshent’s on p. 167 so that they would contain every word or sound I needed to construct the aliens’ later messages.
196 I insisted that “Mute” be in quotes in the section headings, since I did not wish to endorse the racial slur. Note that T’Pol herself never uses the label.
196-7 The “Shroomie” starship and shuttle from “Silent Enemy” can be seen here.
197 The description of the Andorian pressure suits is intended to resemble the spacesuits seen in TOS: “The Tholian Web.” If those suits are descended from Andorian designs, it could explain their high helmets and unusual appearance. It also lets me further suggest that the designs in the TOS era represented a multispecies influence.
198 DS9: Avatar by S.D. Perry established that Andorian antennae sense EM fields.
  S. Money (Dorenda Moore) was a recurring MACO extra in seasons 3 & 4 of ENT. She was named Sascha in the Star Trek Customizable Card Game.
199 Teska and Curry are named for visual-effects artists John Teska and Dan Curry, who designed the “Shroomies.”
204 I don’t actually have a good explanation for the difference between a wormhole and a Xindi vortex, but I wanted to explain why the Xindi’s vortex drives were never used again.
209 T’Pol is recalling the events of “The Andorian Incident,” Shran’s debut episode.
211 TBTS established Shran’s retirement after the war.
  Note that this is the one and only time I have Shran use the “pink-skin” slur he routinely used on ENT. I figure he’s outgrown it by now—and met enough humans to realize that the majority of us are not actually pink.
216 Okay, Devna’s wish to get away from it all is a corny bit of foreshadowing, but I felt it served where she was emotionally at this point. And “The Time Trap” did establish Devna’s yearning for freedom. It’s ironic that her eventual fate will give her what she craves here yet still leave her feeling trapped.
  “The Time Trap” gives the impression (at least to me) that Devna had been part of the Delta Triangle community for many centuries, not just one, but it’s vague enough that I couldn’t resist making her a central character once I chose to focus on the Orions. Devna is the only sane, articulate Orion woman we meet in the canonical 23rd century (in the Prime universe, anyway), and thus worth exploring further.
217 “Triumfeminate” is an uncommon term for a group of three ruling or powerful women, but it was used by Jonathan Swift (to refer to three women in his inner circle of associates) and Alexandre Dumas, père (in a chapter title of a Three Musketeers sequel).
Chapter 11
218-9 Vega Colony, originally mentioned in TOS: “The Cage,” was referenced in “Fortunate Son” and “Future Tense” as an existing colony in the ENT era. What we know of the Vega system in reality is difficult to reconcile with its use as an inhabited/colonized world in ST (often the case with named systems in the franchise), but I enjoy such challenges. I was tempted to identify the destroyed civilization as the Vegan Tyranny, a race from James Blish’s Cities in Flight universe which he alluded to in his novelization of TOS: “Tomorrow is Yesterday” (since Blish more or less approached his adaptations as if ST were an extension of his own SF universe). However, I chose to leave it ambiguous.
220 Governor Maggin is a nod to Elliott S! Maggin, whose acclaimed novel Superman: Last Son of Krypton is largely set on a planet of Vega.
225 Shumar is referring to the events of “The Communicator.” It was awkward to reference those events, since the planet in the episode was never named; thus I avoided the issue by only summarizing Shumar’s speech.
235 Yes, Val and Sam are meant to be Jim Kirk’s ancestors—implicitly the parents of Tiberius Kirk and the grandparents of George Samuel Kirk, Sr. (as established in the 2009 film). This conflicts with a reference in the ST:TMP novelization to Samuel being the name of Kirk’s grandfather rather than his great-grandfather, but much from that novel has been superseded by canon. (And it’s confusing to have two Samuels herein, Kirk and Gardner, but that happens in real life sometimes.) Val is meant to represent Kirk’s tough, brash side, while Sam is his gentler, more intellectual side. The “Abraham” is in reference to Abraham Lincoln, Jim Kirk’s (and Gene Roddenberry’s) hero.
Chapter 12
239 The alien transmission is cut together from T’Pol’s and Kanshent’s words, but Archer wouldn’t necessarily recognize Kanshent’s voice.
242 Since Archer hosted Surak’s katra in “The Forge,” “Awakening,” and “Kir’Shara,” he was able to teach T’Pol about mind melds later on in “Affliction.”
244 The extinction of humpback whales in the Trek universe was established in The Voyage Home. Fortunately, in real life, the species’ population has recovered over the past two decades and is no longer considered endangered (except for two subpopulations).
  Rey’s line about not getting out of life alive is a paraphrase of a line by writer Elbert Hubbard. However, Rey probably knows it the same way I do: from the 1960 Bugs Bunny cartoon “Rabbit’s Feat.”
249 Canon is unclear on how long a Trill symbiont can survive outside a host, or outside the proper liquid medium. So I’m not sure if Tobin is being realistic about the prospects of getting Dax back to Trill in time in this era when interstellar travel is relatively slow.
256 The Denobulan-Antaran conflict was established in “The Breach.” Phlox is being modest in failing to mention that he himself was the Denobulan who paved the way for renewed dialogue.
Chapter 13
263 Trip calling Archer “Jonathan” is a novelty too, but his old “Cap’n” wouldn’t work anymore and “Admiral” is too formal. Besides, Trip has changed a great deal.
271 Technically, Section 31 is part of Starfleet, but not an official or authorized one, so I don’t think their outfits count as Starfleet uniforms. And even if they did, Penap wouldn’t know that.
273 You may have noted a theme in this book about torture being an ineffective technique for interrogation. This is grounded in real studies and declarations by many top intelligence officials and interrogators:; Despite what is often shown in fiction, positive incentives and dealmaking such as Archer engages in here are more successful at extracting cooperation and accurate intelligence than threats such as Trip’s or violent methods such as those endorsed by Thanien and Noar.
Chapter 14
284 Pi-3 Orionis is identified as the Orions’ primary star in STSC. The star is also called Tabit, which is how I referred to it in Forgotten History.
289 The escape-pod incident was a cliffhanger in TBTS; the epilogue thereof established that Trip had survived, but did not explain how. Rather than follow up directly on the cliffhanger (since I wanted a cushioning time gap between the series in order to make a fresh start), I chose to approach it more obliquely.
291 Boslic were established in DS9; however, a Boslic male was glimpsed in the Orion slave market in “Borderland,” establishing that they were known in the 22nd century.
Chapter 15
299 The tactic of using interior vacuum to reduce blast damage is inspired by the battle tactics devised for Gene Roddenberry’s Andromeda by that show’s science advisor, JPL propulsion engineer Paul Woodmansee. I previously used Andromeda-inspired technology and tactics in my debut ST work, SCE: Aftermath.
Chapter 16
320 TOS: “The Empath”’s use of “Vertis” as the possessive of an imaginary constellation was a bit tricky to deal with.
326 T’Maran was mentioned in Articles of the Federation as a 22nd-century Federation president. Thoris (Joel Swetow) was the Andorian ambassador in “Demons” and “Terra Prime,” and the Andorian foreign minister by TRW. Minister Nathan Samuels (Harry Groener) is from “Demons”/“Terra Prime” as well, and established as Earth’s Prime Minister in the post-finale novels. Ambassador Sloane is presumably a descendant of Lily Sloane from First Contact. Archer’s future role as Federation president is suggested in his unseen biography screen written for “In a Mirror, Darkly Part II.”
  1. Marcell
    October 14, 2022 at 1:56 pm

    Dear Mr. Bennett! I’m working on a hobby sewing project and I would be very greatful for your help by answering a few small questions. I’m in the process of recreating your uniform design from in ROFTF. I’m using your sketch and a digital recration if found online, as well as the description from the first book. This latter one made me seek you out. You describe a “shallow chevron of gold fringed navy-blue piping extending from shoulder joint to mid-sternum”. Now, as far as I can see, your sketch doesn’t reflect the ‘gold fringed’ part, so I was wondering if that only applies to admiral’s uniform worn by Archer in that seen or not. Additionally, is the piping gold fringed on both sides or not and does the piping wrap around to the back of the jacket as well? Can you recall any of these details?

    • October 14, 2022 at 2:11 pm

      I think the fringe was supposed to be standard, but on the sketch, it’s too narrow to show well, and just looks like a light border above and below the blue piping. I would assume it goes across the back too, but it might be more of a straight/curved line, whatever looks best.

      Honestly, what I’d like to see is for someone to design a hybrid of my design and the Franklin uniforms from BEYOND, since they’re supposed to be in contemporaneous use, so it makes sense that they’d have similar lines. My sketch was a rough concept, so I wouldn’t mind seeing it adapted to be closer to the canonical version.

      • Marcell
        October 15, 2022 at 4:30 am

        I mulled it over last night at lenght (maybe too great a lenght…) and came to the conclusion that the most effective way to adapt your design without contradicting anything described in the book, would be to carry over the shoulder details form the Franklin uniform. The upper part that has the division color on the Franklin uniform could serve as the epaulet bearing the rank stripes. (Admiral April wears something similar in ‘Strange New Worlds’ that looks like a uniform stolen frow Mass Effect, but alas…) The round bit at the shoulder seam is reminiscent of how some vulcan uniform shoulders are cut and T’Pol’s season 4 “uniforms” even has a similar shoulder design. The mission patch would remain lower on the sleeve as you originally drew it. It would also help, if the black undershirt sported a higher, less curved mandarin collar to a little more resemble the collar of the Franklin jumpsuit. Additionally, I could sew in similar pocket zippers in the same style. With these small changes we could preserve the idea and look of your design (that I’m quite fond of to begin with) and skew the silhouette toward the Franklin uniform without too muck trouble or copy-pasting. Any thoughts?

      • October 15, 2022 at 5:34 am

        Sounds good to me. Your design skills are probably better than mine, so do what works for you.

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